Authentic lacquer miniature paintings are one of the rarest and unique artworks in the world. And despite the complexity of the process, the miniature artists still paint them in the old-fashioned way. The peculiar and subtle art of Kholui lacquer miniatures incorporates the principles of Old Russian painting and folk art as a basis.
Natural materials are used to manufacture paints: minerals, pigment (for example, red clays, cadmium, Siena, volkonskoite, etc.), mixed with water, vinegar, and egg yolk.
The brushes used for painting are made of squirrel fur.
Palekh miniature artists resort to complex multi-figured compositions, where the proportions are elongated, and the style is reminiscent of iconography.